The scaling and itching of the scalp are uncomfortable feelings that compromise your well-being and even your self-esteem. Dandruff is a scaling of the scalp, which can be visually identified as "snowflakes" in the hair (dry or loose dandruff) that then fall on your shoulders, or as plaques in high sebum production areas (oily dandruff).


A scaly, irritated scalp is an often reddened, itchy scalp where you can see small, loose flakes that then fall on your shoulders. In more advanced cases, the scalp can become inflamed and develop lesions (particularly from scratching).


A weakened immune system, hormonal imbalances, excess vitamin A, deficiency in vitamins B2, B6 and biotin, lack of zinc or even heredity, may be behind the onset. All of these factors cause a common fungus on our scalp (Malassezia spp.) to get out of control and cause dandruff.


In general, stress situations, an unbalanced diet and excessive consumption of alcohol, obesity, fatigue, excessive use of shampoo, insufficient cleaning of the scalp (without exfoliating, deficient removal of product residues, not massaging when applying the shampoo for better spreading, etc.), can be dandruff risk factors.


Because we know you want a smooth and balanced scalp (and hair, of course), here are some purifying and soothing tips. These will help in dandruff situations, but don't forget that a balanced diet, physical exercise and, most importantly, adequate rest are also important.

1. Choose shampoos suitable for a dandruff-prone scalp to help control dandruff. Also avoid washing your hair with hot water, as high temperatures can irritate, dehydrate and trigger scaling of the scalp. Prefer warm water and finish rinsing with cold water.

2. Keep your scalp clean, exfoliated and hydrated, and soak up the sun. Completely remove the shampoo and conditioner when rinsing, as traces of substances on the scalp can cause dandruff. If necessary, use scalp emollient oils and serums to help soften and prevent flaking.

3. Avoid the regular use of dryers, as high temperatures can lead to an irritated, dehydrated scalp, prone to scaling. Let your hair dry in the open air or, if not possible, use the dryer with a cold air setting.